TEMPEST INC. >Courses >HIGH ALTITUDE ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE ( HEMP ) ENGINEERING COURSE ( HEMP ENGINEERING COURSE )

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HIGH ALTITUDE ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE
( HEMP )
ENGINEERING COURSE
( HEMP ENGINEERING COURSE )

Updated: August 24, 2015


Copyright 2015 by TEMPEST INC. All rights reserved.



UNCLASSIFIED
Duration: 2 days
Location: Electromagnetics laboratory, TEMPEST INC. (northern Virginia)

Continuing Education Units: 4
( 2 for attending lectures, 2 for participation in lab work. )
Equivalent to 40 Professional Development Hours (PDH) per Pennsylvania Engineering Act 25 CE section 4.2

High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) protection is increasingly becoming a widespread concern. A small nuclear device, detonated about 400 km (250 miles) above the earth, can produce a pulse of electromagnetic energy that cripples computers and communication systems below it, while at the same time causing no injuries or visible destruction. Concerns about High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) protection can now be found in the design of mission-critical facilities.

WHO SHOULD ATTEND
This course is specially designed for technical personnel who are involved in the design of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) protection for Information Technology (IT), or other electronic devices.

The following is a Detailed syllabus of the HEMP Engineering Course. To accommodate the needs and technical backgrounds of each individual class, this syllabus will be flexible .



1.0..Introduction:
1.1....Instructor's Qualifications.
1.2....Experience.
1.3....TEMPEST INC. capabilities.
1.4....TOUR OF A 100 dB ELECTROMAGNETICALLY SHIELDED ROOM,
........showing desirable options, typical weak points, and critical features.
1.5....SAFETY: Measures to take when designing or working in a shielded room.


2.0..Review of Basic Concepts.
2.1....2004 EMP Commission report.
2.2....The Threat
2.3....The Compton Effect
2.3.1..Gamma rays


3.0 History.
3.1....The Starfish Event.
3.2....Soviet tests.
3.3....Moore's law.


4.0..Characteristics of the EMP pulse.
4.1....The First EMP Component (E1.)
4.2....The Second EMP Component (E2.)
4.3....The Third EMP Component (E3.)


5.0..EMP, SREMP, HEMP and SGEMP.
5.1....Endo-Atmospheric vs. Exo-Atmospheric.


6.0..The threat to fixed facilities.
6.1....MIL-STD-188-125-1 :
......."HIGH ALTITUDE ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE ( HEMP ) PROTECTION
........FOR GROUND-BASED C4I FACILITIES PERFORMING CRITICAL,
........TIME URGENT MISSIONS PART 1 FIXED FACILITIES "


7.0..The threat to mobile facilities.
7.1....MIL-STD-188-125-2 :
......."HIGH ALTITUDE ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE ( HEMP ) PROTECTION
........FOR GROUND-BASED C4I FACILITIES PERFORMING CRITICAL,
........TIME URGENT MISSIONS PART 2 TRANSPORTABLE SYSTEMS "


8.0..PROTECTION MEASURES.
8.1....OVERVIEW: How the HEMP energy can get in.
8.2....OVERVIEW: How we stop it.


9.0..Protection of Fixed Facilities.
9.1....MIL-HDBK-423:
........" HIGH ALTITUDE ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE ( HEMP ) PROTECTION
......... FOR FIXED AND TRANSPORTABLE GROUND-BASED FACILITIES.
......... VOL.1: FIXED FACILITIES " < Copyright 2015 by TEMPEST INC. All rights reserved.>


10.0..Protection of Mobile Facilities.
10.1....MIL-HDBK-423:
........." HIGH ALTITUDE ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE ( HEMP )PROTECTION
.......... FOR FIXED AND TRANSPORTABLE GROUND-BASED FACILITIES.
...........VOL.2: TRANSPORTABLE FACILITIES "


11.0..BACKGROUND:
11.1....Verification testing and acceptance testing.
11.2....Electromagnetic Interference and Electromagnetic Compatibility 0
11.3.... DEMONSTRATION of an Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) problem
11.4....Achieving Electromagnetic Compatibility - examples.
11.5....Electric fields, magnetic fields, and plane waves.
11.6....Emissions. < Copyright 2015 by TEMPEST INC. All rights reserved.>
11.7....Susceptibility.
11.8....Radiation.
11.9....Conduction.
11.10...Radiated Emissions.
11.11...Conducted Emissions.
11.12...Radiated Susceptibility.
11.13...Conducted Susceptbility.
11.14...Immunity.
11.15...HEMP concerns.


12.0..ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING.
12.1....Reflection loss.
12.2....Absorption loss.


13.0..Attenuation.
13.1....Definition.
13.2....Attenuation as a ratio.
13.3....Attenuation in decibels.


14.0..What is a "decibel"?
14.1....Review of logarithms.
14.2....Uses of logarithms.
14.3....Examples of logarithmic progressions.
14.4....Decibels.
14.5....Why use decibels?
14.6....Semi-log graph paper.


15.0..Required levels of shielding effectiveness:
15.1....HEMP MIL-STD-188-125
15.2....NSA 94-106
15.3....IEEE 299
15.4....Canadian Standards
15.5....OTHERS: (MIL-STD-285, NSA 73-2A, NSA 65-6 )


16.1..Designing a shielded room.
16.2....Types of rooms.
16.3....Weak points.
16.4....Filters. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
16.5....Surge arrestors. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
16.6....Power line filters. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
16.7....Phone line filters. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
16.8....Waveguides. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
16.9....Shielded vents. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
16.10...Fiber Optics: benefits.
16.11...PITFALLS OF FIBER OPTICS.<= HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
16.12...Shielded glass. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
16.13...Other Hardening measures.
16.13.1.....Points of entry.
16.13.2.....Grounding and bonding.
16.13.3.....Preventing Corrosion.


17.0..TESTING:
17.1.....US ARMY TEST AND EVALUATION COMMAND
.........TEST OPERATIONS PROCEDURE 01-2-620:
........." HIGH ALTITUDE ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE (HEMP) TESTING"
...........10 NOVEMBER 2011
17.2.....SHIELDING EFFECTIVENESS TESTING.
17.2.1.....Spectrum analyzers.<====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
17.2.2.....Antennas. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
17.2.3.....Basic Procedures. <====== HANDS-ON-EXAMPLES.
17.2.4.....Pitfalls.
17.3.....Other Required Tests.
17.4.......Limitations.
17.5.......Proving a negative.
17.6.......Required Test Facilities.
17.7.......Verification by analysis.


18.0..How to take advantage of modern technology.


19.0..Designing for testability.


20.0..HEMP and TEMPEST.


21.0..HEMP AND CYBERSECURITY.


22.0..=== > DEALING WITH BUDGET CONSTRAINTS.



INSTRUCTOR:
The instructor for ths course has a Masters Degree in Electrical ENGINEERING , is a Certified Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineer, a Certified Electrostatic Discharge Control Engineer, and a Certified TEMPEST Professional, Level II. His broad range of experience in Electromagnetic Environmental Effects covers the military, aerospace, commercial, automotive, and medical fields. He has written three books and was awarded three patents in this field.

More about High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) the importance of HEMP ENGINEERING , and the benefits of the High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ).

Exerpted and edited from " America is Vulnerable to An Electromagnetic Pulse Attack" by Kathryn Gaines 06/29/2009

If a small atomic bomb were to explode 400 km above Chicago it could create a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )that would damage most modern electronically-based technology from Chicago to Dallas affecting the infrastructure of all major cities on the east coast and as far as South Dakota. Thus the need for a High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ).

A High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) attack is as instantaneous as an atomic bomb blast. It moves like a wall of energy overloading, and destroying all computer based technology. Such an attack would shut down the power grid. Air traffic would be grounded, telephone, internet and other communications would be shut down. America would be reduced to the agricultural economy we had in the 1800s.

Despite having developed the technology to protect our infrastructure in the event of a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )attack, partly due to the lack of HEMP ENGINEERING , and of educational efforts like our High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) this technology has not been integrated into our infrastructure; it has not been backed up by non-computerized components yet. High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) is not just a theory. High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) is a weapon and a threat to the security of our nation. The High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) is designed to fill the gap in High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING . )

Our computerized, electronically-dependent society offers any rogue nation a perfect target for a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ): a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) vulnerable power grid susceptible of a sucker punch to the heart of our infrastructure. On the floor of the House, Rep. Roscoe Barlett (R-Md) tried to raise High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING ) by recounting a story of a Russian, who, prior to the G-8 meeting said "If we really wanted to hurt you, with no fear of retaliation, we'd use a submarine launched missile. You wouldn't know its source; it came from the sea. And we'd detonate a nuclear weapon high above your country, it would create a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) and it would shut down your power grid and your communications for 6 months or so." We may lack High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING ) but our enemies don't need a High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) . They are well aware of what a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) attack is. Maybe they have already had their own High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) .

The incentive to attack America through High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) is high because, due to our lack of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING ) which courses like this High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) are designed to fix, the cost to America would be catastrophic. As the 2004 commission report said that the current vulnerability of our critical infrastructures can both invite and reward attack if not corrected. Correction requires High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING ). It is feasible and well within the Nation's means and resources to accomplish. Our electric grid systems, communication networks, financial system, fuel/energy infrastructure, transportation infrastructure, food infrastructure, and most importantly water supply could be corrupted because, due to a lack of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING ) we have yet to make the vital corrections. The High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) is designed to help correct the widespread lack of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING ).

If America were hit with a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) America could be reduced to third world status.

The cost of a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )attack is less than that of a nuclear attack. As shown in the High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )attack does not require sophisticated developed delivery technology because the effect of the attack is so widespread.

Defensive ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) deterrence coupled with decreasing our vulnerability to a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) attack would to reduce the incentive to attack us.

One way of deterring a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) attack is to reinvest in our Ballistic Missile Defense program. Having a multi layer defense system would reduce the threat of a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) attack. Missile defense is a deterrence of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )development.

To harden a system is to provide a shield which will route a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )field away from the electronic components. Hardening also entails the use of a system monitoring device which can respond to a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )attack. High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) hardening would permit a graceful failure and simplified recovery after a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )attack. Most importantly decreasing our High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) vulnerability to a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) attack will reduce the incentive for a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )attack. As defense spending continues to be cut, due to a widespread lack of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING ) we are building a policy that supports and provokes anHigh Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP )attack. Our current High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) vulnerability and invites a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) attack.

A High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) attack would exploit a lack of planning against the High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) threat. The lack of planning is partly due to the low level of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ENGINEERING ( HEMP ENGINEERING ) among the general public. While not everyone can attend a High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) , our decision makers can certainly benefit from a High altitude electromagnetic pulse ENGINEERING course ( HEMP ENGINEERING course ) .